Occupational Therapy Assistants, Essential Functions
Essential functions describe required skills and abilities for completion of the OCAT program and to work as a generalist occupational therapy assistant. This list is a summary of essential functions students are required to meet throughout program coursework and fieldwork experiences. Additional information can be found at http://online.onetcenter.org.
- Move from room to room and maneuver in small spaces
- Transfer patients who may require physical assistance
- Guard and assist patients with ambulation, dressing, grooming and feeding tasks.
- Perform therapeutic techniques, including applying resistance during exercise.
- Lift and carry up to 50 pounds and exert up to 100 pounds of force (push/pull)
- Squat, crawl, bend/stoop, reach above shoulder level, kneel, use standing balance, and climb stairs.
- Use hands repetitively; use manual dexterity.
- Adjust, apply, and clean therapeutic equipment.
- Perform CPR.
- Travel to and from academic and clinical sites.
- In the average clinical day, students sit 1-2 hours, stand 6-7 hours and travel 1-3 hours.
- Convey verbal and manual instruction.
- Assess patient’s posture and response to treatment.
- Respond in a timely manner to a timer, alarm or cries for help.
- Monitor vital signs, changes in patient status, skin changes, etc.
- Auditory, visual, and tactile abilities sufficient to assess patient status and perform treatments.
- Communicate effectively, concisely and accurately in English with patients, families and other healthcare providers; both verbal and written. (Examples: explain treatment procedures, teach patients and caregivers, document in charts.)
- Effectively adapt communication for intended audience.
- Interact and establish rapport with individuals, families, and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural and intellectual backgrounds, treating all fairly and equally.
- Assume the role of a healthcare team member.
- Function effectively under supervision.
Problem Solving Abilities:
- Function effectively under stress.
- Respond appropriately to emergencies.
- Adhere to infection control procedures.
- Demonstrate problem-solving skills in patient care. (Measure, calculate, reason, prioritize and synthesize data.)
- Use sound judgment and safety precautions.
- Address questions and/or problems to the appropriate person at the appropriate times.
- Organize and prioritize job tasks.
- Follow policies and procedures required by clinical and academic settings.
- Develop skills to choose appropriate treatment ideas to fit patient needs and capabilities.
- Maintain patient confidentiality in accordance with site policies and applicable laws.
- Demonstrate self-control, keeping emotions in check and controlling anger even in difficult situations.
- Take constructive criticism and apply it to improve behavior and skills.
- Manage time effectively.
- Demonstrate conduct reflecting in a professional and ethical manner at all times.
- Demonstrate reliability, responsibility, dependability and fulfillment of obligations.